Menopause is the time in a woman’s life that indicates the end of her childbearing years. During menopause, the ovaries stop producing eggs, menstrual activity changes and eventually stop, while production of female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone decreases in her body. Although menopause actually occurs at the end of a woman’s last menstrual period, its installation is only confirmed when it has not had menstruation for 12 months. In general, women have menopause between 40 and 55 years – sometimes before and sometimes after.
Early menopause occurs before the age of 40 and is usually the result of a genetic predisposition or an autoimmune disorder. Triggered menopause is the result of a medical intervention such as ovarian ablation or hysterectomy.
Symptoms vary from one woman to another. They can be mild, moderate, or severe. flushing (feeling of sudden heat, with redness), fatigue, irritability, insomnia, nervousness, night, sweats, irregular menstruation, feelings of dizziness and tingling, loss of bladder control, inflammation of the bladder or vagina, pain during sexual intercourse due to vaginal dryness, joint and muscle pain,
change in sexual appetite.
In general, the doctor diagnosed menopause after reviewing the medical history of a woman and a physical examination performed. For example, Pap can show that there is a change in the vaginal mucosa due to declining estrogen levels. Blood and urine tests may be performed to measure the levels of estrogen and progesterone.